There are many age old theories and methods that have been applied to general public that are not necessarily correct. For example for years we have lived thinking that the food pyramid was the best way to maintain a healthy diet. For these that may not be overly familiar with the food pyramid here is a copy of it.
As you can see it’s suggests are not advisable and you are over consuming on carbohydrates. You would even consider this type of diet to be suggested for someone who might be mass gaining. Secondly we need to consider that the Food Pyramid was invented by the Farmers and Agricultural association of Australian (in Australia) which would explain why they want you to have vast servings of what they produce and sell. Carbohydrates on a daily bases for anyone regardless of goals should be no more than three or four servings per day and the only thing that differs between each person is the size of the serving.
Dairy in such a large amount is also not recommended either as most people will agree that due to the high levels of heat involved in pasteurization the dairy loses virtually all of its calcium and is mostly useless, therefor a calcium supplement is always advised.
You might be wondering how this fits into vegetarian body building well I will get to that soon. First I just wanted to show you how some info can sit in the public domain for a long time and be totally out of date and incorrect but hardly if ever gets changed because governing bodies can either not be bothered or it is not a priority.
For years we have been educated and under the belief that flesh is crucial to our diets and we need them, not through conspiracy or anything else but just through traditional thinking and lack of research however now we know different.
There are many variations of Vegetarianism, there are some variations that only eat some types of flesh and others that do not but the basic principal stays the same which is that they do not eat flesh.
Ovo Vegetarianism – Includes eggs but not dairy products
Lacto Vegetarianism – Includes dairy products but not eggs
Ovo-Lacto Vegetarianism (or Lacto-Ovo Vegetarianism) – Includes animal products such as milk, eggs or honey (probably the most common and accepted by society)
Veganism – Excludes all animal and flesh products including: Milk, honey, eggs. May also include any products tested on animals and clothing products made from animals
Raw Veganism – Includes only fresh and uncooked fruits, nuts, seeds and vegetables. Vegetables can only be cooked up to a certain temperature.
Fruitarianism – Permits only fruit, nuts, seeds and other plant matter that can be gathered without harming the plant.
Buddhist Vegetarianism (also known as Su Vegetarianism) – Excludes all animal products as well as vegetables in the allium family (which have the characteristic aroma of onion and garlic): Onion, Garlic, Scallions, Leek or Shallots.
Jain Vegetarianism – Includes dairy products but excludes eggs, honey as well as root vegetables.
Some of these you may not have even know existed however they are fast becoming a big part of our society. Now that you understand what it is we must next analyse why?
Some people make the choice for religious reasons, others make it for health benefits and some even make it for moral reasons. Let’s analyse these now.
Religious reasons – Some religions prohibit the eating of flesh during certain times of the year, the Catholic Church and Christian Church are known for this as it is called Lent. Also Buddhism as well.
Health Benefits – There is a profound claim which has undergone extensive research that most if not all of our chronic illnesses such as Coronary Heart Disease, Diabetes and Cancer can be prevented, or even reversed by living on a primarily plant based diet. There is a documentary that was released in 2011 called “Forks over Knives” it follows the 20 year study done by a group of doctors in China where they introduced a Western diet which consisted of animal flesh and some processed foods. What they did find is that once they started introducing these foods into the diets that people began getting poor teeth quality, bad skin, hair loss, cancers, stomach conditions, arthritis and other complications.
However once these changes were reversed so too were these Chronic conditions. The results of that study are interesting to say the least.
Moral Reasons – There are many great films out there that you should watch which expose the truth of the many ways animals are treated before they are slaughtered for human consumption. I could write an entire article on this but I will try my best not to get too carried away. Let’s use pigs as the best example. The pork industry has one of the cruellest methods of execution when it comes to killing the animal. First as piglets they are castrated without any anaesthetic and tail docked (tails chopped off). The same equipment is used on each pig and not cleaned between procedures as this would take too long. Because the procedure is performed fast and without the sanitary conditions they are open to infection and many pigs just die. Recently in North Korea 3 million pigs were infected with foot and mouth disease because the Korean government found it too expensive to bother immunising them. So once the pigs were infected they had to be put down via the most cost effective way which was to bury them alive. If you Google that you can see the footage which lasts about seven minutes which is one of the most saddest, cruellest things I’ve ever seen.
Needless to say that once you’ve done enough research on how animals are treated during their final hours is enough to make anyone sick and so this is a strong motivator when it comes to Vegetarianism; also one of the most common.
Some films to watch are: Food Inc, Earthlings are all available to watch for free online.
Is being a vegetarian unhealthy?
Firstly I guess yes it could be, but the only way it can be is if you do not have a balanced diet and do not know enough about food, which foods to eat to get which nutrients you need. Once a upon a time it was commonly believed that you needed to combine certain vegetarian proteins together to get a complete protein from it. This has since then been proven a fallacy.
Let’s look at what the main nutrients you get from meat that you need in your diet that you are at risk of losing if you cut out meat. It has been suggested that it is unhealthy to cut out meat because you will miss out on these Vitamins.
1) Vitamin B12
Your body creates stores of Vitamin B12 from the age you are born and science has shown that it takes a maximum of ten years for your levels to deplete. Also this means you need to every single day for ten years straight not reach your recommended daily intake of B12 which is very hard to do. This risk is easily overcome by consuming a vitamin B12 supplement and foods high in B12.
Vitamin B12 is primarily found Dairy, if someone is a Vegan they risk becoming B12 deficient, but as I previously mentioned this takes a long time and is very rare UNLESS someone is already prone to this deficiency. It’s almost worth getting a blood test done if you are considering turning vegetarian to ensure you are okay to begin with.
Top five vegetarian sources of B12 are:
Cheese: The amount of vitamin B12 in cheese depends on type and variety, Swiss cheese provides the most with 3.34μg per 100g serving (56% RDA), followed by Gjetost(40% RDA), Mozzarella(39% RDA), Parmesan(38% RDA), Tilsit(35% RDA), and Feta(28% RDA).
Eggs: When it comes to chicken eggs the raw yellow has most of the vitamin B-12 with 1.95μg per 100g serving (33% RDA), however, this equates to 0.33μg per yolk or just 6% of the RDA. The eggs of other animals are higher with a goose egg providing 7.34μg (122% RDA) of vitamin B-12 per 100g serving, and a duck egg providing 3.78μg (63% RDA).
Whey Protein Powder: Once thought the sole domain of body builders, whey powder is now entering main stream as more people are going vegetarian. Whey powder is a common addition to breads and Protein Shakes, 100 grams will provide 2.5 μg of vitamin B12 or 42% of the RDA.
Milk and Yogurt: 100 grams of non-fat yogurt provides 0.53μg (10% RDA) of vitamin B12 and 15%RDA per cup. 100 grams of reduced fat milk provides 0.46μg (8% RDA) and 19% RDA per cup.
Yeast Extract: Yeast extract spreads are popular in Britain and Europe, and have started to gain popularity in the U.S. A good vegetarian source of protein, the spread also packs a lot of vitamin B12. One hundred grams provides 0.5μg (8% RDA) of vitamin B12, that is 0.03μg (1% RDA) per teaspoon. Just be aware that Yeast extract has a lot of sodium in it.
It is not that much of a concern to men because men do not menstruate (most of the time, pun intended) so they are not constantly losing blood so they will not have lower iron levels. However it’s still smart to ensure you are reaching your RDI of iron. This issue much like the B12 can be treated with a good Iron supplement and with knowing which foods are high in Iron.
12 Top Non Animal Sources of Iron in no particular order are:
Spirulina (1 tsp): 5 mg
Cooked soybeans (1/2 cup): 4.4 mg
Pumpkin seeds (1 ounce): 4.2 mg
Quinoa (4 ounces): 4 mg
Blackstrap Molasses (1 tbsp): 4 mg
Tomato paste (4 ounces): 3.9 mg
White beans (1/2 cup) 3.9 mg
Cooked spinach (1/2 cup): 3.2 mg
Dried peaches (6 halves): 3.1 mg
Prune juice (8 ounces): 3 mg
Lentils (4 ounces): 3 mg
As you can really see there are no excuses for assuming you need flesh in your diet to get all the vitamins and minerals that you need.
Vegetarians cannot get enough protein!
Well I love it when people say this because it’s always coming from a place of ignorance without having done any real research and people are very assumptive. The truth could not be furtherer from this in reality.
The truth is that vegetarian protein could not be easier digested than flesh protein. Most people would like to tell you otherwise, but the evidence is there to support it.
When an animal is raised, how it is fed even down to how it is slaughtered, prepared and cooked all affects the quality of the protein within in the animal. For example if you eat a chicken breast and the nutrition label says it contains 27grams of protein, well how much of each gram of protein is actually protein, how much of that is even bioavailable? Well no haven’t I just screwed with your head.. Did you also know when an animal is killed because the blood supply is cut off to the flesh the meat turns grey which means that they inject meats with food die to keep it red.. This also has an ill effect on health and the protein amount. This should make you think twice about what you are eating I promise.
Onward, here is a list of vegetarian proteins; clearly from this list you can see that there are more than enough options for vegetarians.
Beans, Nuts, Seeds
1 cup garbanzo beans 14.5 grams
1 cup pinto beans 12 grams
1 cup refried beans 15.5 grams
1 cup soybeans 28 grams
1 oz. cashews 4.4 grams
1 oz. peanuts 6.5 grams
1 oz. sesame seeds 6.5 grams
1 oz. pistachios 5.8 grams
1 cup tofu 22 grams
1 cup lentils 18 grams
1 cup yogurt 13 grams
1 oz cheddar cheese 7.1 grams
1 egg 6 grams
1 cup cottage cheese 10 grams
Fruits and Vegetables
1 avocado 10 grams
1 cup broccoli 5 grams
1 cup spinach 5 grams
1 cup peas 9 grams
1 medium artichoke 4 grams
1 cup asparagus 5 grams
1 cup beet greens 3 grams
What sort of feelings and certain things to deal with as far as being a vegetarian goes vary; such as feeling like you’re accomplishing something and doing something different or high than the normal person.
It can be difficult to some extend to eat out as a vegetarian, especially an impromptu meal. So it always helps to plan ahead. If you are an Ovo-Lacto vegetarian then you can use protein shakes and protein bars.
Notable Vegetarian Bodybuilder Bill Pearl
Bill Pearl is a former American body builder who was born in 1930 out of Prineville, Oregon. During his career he placed in 13 competitions. Of which 12 were first place. When he was 41 in 1971 he won the Mr. Universe in London, England at which point he had been a Vegetarian and not used Anabolic Steroids for over ten years at that stage.
He has also since retiring in 1975 won over 19 awards related to bodybuilding and health and fitness.
Notable Vegetarian Bodybuilder Albert Beckles
Albert Beckles is a former American Bodybuilder who was a three time New York night of Champions winner. Born in 1930 in Barbados he migrated to London in the mid 1960’s. He won over seven British titles in 1969 and 1970. He eventually won the IFBB Mr. Universe.
Over his career he was in over 100 contests earning him the title one of the most active bodybuilders in bodybuilding history. In 1991 at age 61 he won the Niagra Falls Pro Invitational.
Notable Vegan Bodybuilder Raechelle Chase
Raechelle is an IFBB Pro Figure Competitor, International Fitness & cover Model and Fitness Writer. She hails for Auckland, New Zealand and has competed in numerous competitions. She is a mother of three.
I hope that this article helps you to have a better understanding of vegetarianism and its related diets as there are many and that you will be less critical and better informed about it. It is something that I am very passionate about and I hope you will give it a second look.
Written by Adrian Ambrose
of Eating Too Much Protein